Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) is an Important Shield Against Discrimination in the Workplace

Key Takeaway:

Organizations are bound by the EEOC. If they have to be compliant with employment regulations, one of the most important things to do is to adhere to the EEOC.

Equal employment opportunity is a prominent hallmark of Affirmative Action in the US. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) came into being to ensure equal employment opportunity in the US. Such recognition is all the more prominent in this multicultural country, whose organizations attract people from all over the world.

First, What is Equal Employment Opportunity?

It is an employment practice that is guaranteed by a Federal legislation, the Equal Employment Opportunity Act (EEO). Passed under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; the EEO prohibits an employer employing 15 persons or more from discriminating against any person seeking employment, on the basis of these five factors:

  • Race
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Nationality of origin
  • Religion

Related legislations

A few supplemental statutes have been added to strengthen the provisions of the EEO. These include:

  • Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990
  • Age Discrimination Act
  • The Rehabilitation Act
  • Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008
  • Employment Non-Discrimination Act, which is yet to be passed by Congress

What does the EEOC do?