Federal employment is a very diverse and broad area, because the federal government has literally hundreds of departments and agencies, for which it requires personnel from time to time at various levels.
Federal employment is considered prestigious and carries a high degree of responsibility. When those in federal employment fall short of delivery or fail to live up to expectations, the entire government faces a backlash from people. Unlike in many developing countries, where government employment is considered sinecure and unaccountable; the federal employment model is very different. In the US, federal employment is offered only to people who can exhibit and demonstrate dedication, commitment and discipline.
Those in federal employment range from the President of the US to many others. The Vice President, members of the Congress, the judiciary, the Armed Forces, the investigative agencies, the civil services and the foreign services and many others are among those who are considered as federal employees. That is why federal employment is challenging. Of course, it is also rewarding. The benefits paid out to those in federal employment are world class. Federal employees of all levels are eligible for pensions after retirement.
Those in federal employment pay for social security. In turn, they are offered benefits that include:
Those in federal employment can also be hauled up legally for lack of performance or integrity. People in federal employment, at any level, high or low, can face prosecution if they fail to discharge their duties in accordance with what is stated in law. This can start from the President.